zcmimi's blog
查看原题

点击跳转

把风铃看成一棵树

因为交换一根杆的两端不会影响它下面的子树的情况,所以可以采用分治+分类讨论

我们先预处理出最小深度和最大深度

如果差大于1,那么不满足要求

一个端点可以分成三种情况

  1. 都是最小深度

  2. 都是最大深度

  3. 两种都有

如果一根杆左右端点分别为0,10,22,1那么它就需要交换左右端点

如果左右端点都是2那么交换也没用,直接输出-1,结束程序

然后把状态向上传递就可以了

#include<bits/stdc++.h>
namespace ZDY{
    #pragma GCC optimize(3)
    #define il __inline__ __attribute__ ((always_inline))
    #define rg register
    #define ll long long
    #define ull unsigned long long
    #define db double
    #define sht short
    #define MB template <class T>il
    #define Fur(i,x,y) for(int i=x;i<=y;++i)
    #define Fdr(i,x,y) for(int i=x;i>=y;--i)
    #define fl(i,x) for(int i=head[x],to;to=e[i].to,i;i=e[i].nxt)
    #define clr(x,y) memset(x,y,sizeof(x))
    #define cpy(x,y) memcpy(x,y,sizeof(x))
    #define fin(s) freopen(s".in","r",stdin)
    #define fout(s) freopen(s".out","w",stdout)
    #define fcin ios::sync_with_stdio(false)
    #define l2(n) ((int)(log2(n)))
    #define inf 0x3f3f3f3f
    MB T ABS(T x){return x>0?x:-x;}
    MB T MAX(T x,T y){return x>y?x:y;}
    MB T MIN(T x,T y){return x<y?x:y;}
    MB T GCD(T x,T y){return y?GCD(y,x%y):x;}
    MB void SWAP(T &x,T &y){T t=x;x=y;y=t;}
}using namespace ZDY;using namespace std;
namespace IO{const char* ln="\n";const int str=1<<20;struct IN{char buf[str],*s,*t;bool _;IN():s(buf),t(buf),_(0){}il char gc(){return s==t&&((t=(s=buf)+fread(buf,1,str,stdin))==s)?EOF:(*s++);}IN&operator>>(char&ch){if(_)return *this;char c;while((c=gc())!=EOF&&isspace(c));if(c==EOF)_=1;else ch=c;return *this;}IN& operator>>(char* ch){clr(ch,0);if(_)return *this;char c;while((c=gc())!=EOF&&isspace(c));if(c==EOF)return _=1,*this;*ch=c;ch++;while((c=gc())!=EOF&&!isspace(c))*ch=c,ch++;if(c==EOF)_=1;return *this;}IN& operator>>(string& ch){if(_)return *this;char c;while((c=gc())!=EOF&&isspace(c));if(c==EOF)return _=1,*this;ch+=c;while((c=gc())!=EOF&&!isspace(c))ch+=c;if(c==EOF)_=1;return *this;}template<typename T>IN&operator>>(T&x){if(_)return *this;char c=gc();bool ff=0;while(c!=EOF&&(c<'0'||c>'9'))ff^=(c=='-'),c=gc();if(c==EOF){_=1;return *this;}x=0;while(c!=EOF&&'0'<=c&&c<='9')x=(x<<3)+(x<<1)+c-48,c=gc();if(c==EOF)_=1;if(ff)x=-x;return *this;}}in;struct OUT{char buf[str],*s,*t;OUT():s(buf),t(buf+str){}~OUT(){fwrite(buf,1,s-buf,stdout);}void pt(char c){(s==t)?(fwrite(s=buf,1,str,stdout),*s++=c):(*s++=c);}OUT&operator<<(const char*s){while(*s)pt(*s++);return *this;}OUT&operator<<(char*s){while(*s)pt(*s++);return *this;}OUT&operator<<(string s){for(int i=0;s[i];i++)pt(s[i]);return *this;}template<typename T>OUT&operator<<(T x){if(!x)return pt('0'),*this;if(x<0)pt('-'),x=-x;char a[30],t=0;while(x)a[t++]=x%10,x/=10;while(t--)pt(a[t]+'0');return *this;}}out;}using namespace IO;
#define N 100011
int n,ans=0,l[N],r[N],mx=0,mi=inf;
void dfs(int x,int d){
    if(x==-1){
        mi=MIN(d,mi);
        mx=MAX(d,mx);
        return;
    }
    dfs(l[x],d+1);dfs(r[x],d+1);
}
int DFS(int x,int d){
    if(x==-1)return d!=mi;
    int ls=DFS(l[x],d+1),rs=DFS(r[x],d+1);
    if((ls==0&&rs==1)||(ls==2&&rs==1)||(ls==0&&rs==2))++ans;
    if(ls==2&&rs==2)out<<"-1\n",exit(0);
    if(ls==2||rs==2)return 2;
    if(ls^rs)return 2;
    if(!ls&&!rs)return 0;
    return 1;
}
int main(){
    fin("in");
    in>>n;
    int x,y;
    Fur(i,1,n)in>>l[i]>>r[i];
    dfs(1,0);
    DFS(1,0);
    if(mx-mi>1)out<<"-1\n";
    else if(mx-mi==0)out<<"0\n";
    else out<<ans<<ln;
}
LG 3621 [APIO2007]风铃
comment评论
Search
search